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Author Topic: Glossary - commonly used terms when discussing autoimmune disease  (Read 2454 times)

Penel CIMDA moderator

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Glossary
adrenal insufficiency crisis  - Acute adrenal crisis that occurs when there is not enough cortisol.
adrenocortical insufficiency   -  Insufficient production of adrenal hormones
anal furunculosis  -  Immune mediated ulceration, lesion and inflammation of the anus area
aspirate pneumonia  -  Infection of the lungs due to the sucking in of food particles or fluids into the lungs.
Atopic dermatitis  -  Chronic skin disorder categorized by itching, rash
bioavailability  -  Proportion of the drug that reaches the target organ of the body
breed predisposition -  Breed susceptibility to specific disease
cardiac arrhythmias  -  Variation from the normal rhythm of the heart
Complete Blood Count    -  A complete blood count (CBC) gives important information about the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
cytotoxic drugs  -  Drugs that damage or destroys cells
demodicosis (demodex) -  A parasitic skin disease caused by demodicid mites   
DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation)  -  widespread formation of thromboses in the capillaries
differential diagnoses  -  Several diseases presenting similar symptoms
drug eruptions  -  Skin condition caused by a drug reaction
fight/flight response  -  The bodyís response to perceived threat or danger
fluid therapy  -  Restoring hydration balance when dog is dehydrated
Full Serum Biochemistry panel  -  Chemical analysis of the liquid portion of the blood (serum).  It provides information about organ function in the body
gastroprotectant  -  Drug to protect the lining of the stomach
haemophilia A  -  Inherited disease whereby deficiency of clotting factor causes bleeding
hepatic insufficiency  -  Impaired liver function
hyperkalaemic myocardial toxicity  -  Damage to the muscle tissues of the heart caused by high potassium levels
hypovolaemia  -  Reduction in the circulating blood volume
immunoflourescent staining  -  A test for specific antibodies using a fluorescent dye
immunomodulating  -  The capacity to adjust the immune response to a desired level
immunosuppressive  -  An agent that suppresses the immune system
joint tap  -  A procedure whereby a sterile needle and syringe are used to drain fluid from a joint
lipid deposits  -  Fatty deposits
Lyme disease  -  Disease transmitted by ticks
mucoid  -  Resembling mucus
multisystemic disease  - One or more diseases of the whole body
myositis  -  Inflammation of muscle/s
nasal planum  -  Non haired portion of the nose.
non-erosive polyarthritis  -  An immune-mediated inflammatory disease of joints which does not cause erosive change such as rheumatoid arthritis.
pustules  -  Small pimples or elevations of the skin containing pus.
polyglandular disease  -  More than one autoimmune glandular disease.
prognosis -  Forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disease
punch biopsy - Biopsy performed using a punch, an instrument for cutting and removing a disk of tissue.
Regenerative anaemia  -  Is a reduction in red blood cells caused by blood loss or destruction of the red cells in the circulation of the blood
renal insufficiency  -  Impaired kidney function
reticulocytes  -  Red blood cells that are not fully mature
sloughing   -   To crumble and slowly fall away
synoval fluid  -  Fluid that surrounds a joint
systemic disease -  Disease affecting the whole body
thromboembolism  -  Formation of a blood clot that breaks loose and is carried by the blood stream to plug another blood vessel.
topical ointments  -  Ointment for local or external application
vascular collapse  -  The amount of blood flowing to the organs and their tissues is inadequate to meet the demand of the organs and tissues for oxygen.
Von Willebrandís disease  -  An inherited bleeding disorder
whole blood  -  All components of blood as opposed to partial, eg., plasma only
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Penel
(SLE, Surrey - UK)
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